INFERENCE QUESTION

The question from this question type will ask you to infer the statement that is most supported by the argument provided. In this type of question the statement provided will most likely be the fact, evidence or belief. You need to consider all this statement as true and then infer an option provided into the question.

Common words used in question – what can be inferred from the argument, what could be stated from the argument.

 

In this type of question try to understand all the statement and then try to infer something that is supported by the statements provided.

For eg.

Question statement –

If A is a subset of B. B is a subset of C.

In above statement it is given that A is a subset of B and B is a subset of C. Hence A must be a subset of C. The statement ‘A must be a subset of C’ is a inference that we derived based on the information provided.

Make sure to only select the option that is fully supported by the statement provided in the question. Any option that is partially supported the information provided is a wrong answer choice and eliminate such choices.

 

Let’s solve one example question from official guide –

To protect certain fledgling industries, the government of country Z banned imports of the types of products those industries were starting to make. As a direct result, the cost of those products to the buyers, several export-dependent industries in Z, went up, sharply limiting the ability of those industries to compete effectively in their export markets.

Which of the following conclusions about country Z’s adversely affected export-dependent industries is best supported by the passage?
(A) Profit margins in those industries were not high enough to absorb the rise in costs mentioned above.
(B) Those industries had to contend with the fact that other countries banned imports from country Z.
(C) Those industries succeeded in expanding the domestic market for their products.
(D) Steps to offset rising materials costs by decreasing labor costs were taken in those industries.
(E) Those industries started to move into export markets that they had previously judged unprofitable.

 

Information Provided ->

To protect certain fledgling industries, the government of country Z banned imports of the types of products those industries were starting to make. As a direct result, the cost of those products to the buyers, several export-dependent industries in Z, went up, sharply limiting the ability of those industries to compete effectively in their export markets.

Step 1 -> Understand the information provided in the question.

Premises –

  • To protect certain fledgling industries, the government of country Z banned imports of the types of products those industries were starting to make.
  • As a direct result, the cost of those products to the buyers, several export-dependent industries in Z, went up, sharply limiting the ability of those industries to compete effectively in their export markets.

 

Step 2 ->Now try to think what we can infer from the given information.

Inference – Some export-dependent industries in Z are not able to compete as they used to previous to the ban.

 

Step 3 -> Now look at the option provided and try to eliminate the wrong answers.

(A) Profit margins in those industries were not high enough to absorb the rise in costs mentioned above.

This is the right option. As if the profit margins in such industries were high enough to absorb the rise in costs then there ability to compete would not have limited.

 

(B) Those industries had to contend with the fact that other countries banned imports from country Z.

This is out of scope option.

(C) Those industries succeeded in expanding the domestic market for their products.
We have no information in the passage that suggests that such industries have expanded their local reach.

(D) Steps to offset rising materials costs by decreasing labor costs were taken in those industries.

Out of scope option. No information is provided on how such industries are acting in the given situation.

(E) Those industries started to move into export markets that they had previously judged unprofitable.

Out of scope option. Similar to option D, no information is provided on how such industries are acting in the given situation.

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